People can survive the zombie apocalypse using several tactics. By self-isolating and the clever use of traps, Morgan was able to hold a town by himself. Safe from zombies, Morgan was an easy target for survivor groups. If going it alone is not feasible, survivors can band with others to form a group. Survivor groups pool the collective strengths of members for the greater good. Survivor groups bank on the ability to effectively use the collective social capital to scavenge, kill or outsmart zombies, and interact with other survivor groups.
Survivor groups need management. Divergent goals and morals leave groups susceptible to decision impatience and in fighting. The inability to make timely decisions can corrupt the group's ability to hold their own. For example, early in Season one, Rick decides to rescue Meryl from the city. Rick received flak from Shane because he was valuing the needs of the group over the needs of the family. Other members urged Rick to abandon Meryl to his fate. Rick was able to cut through the bickering and indecision and move the group into action by making the case that if they were not able to save even the worse of society they would lose their moral compass. On the other hand, when member decide that their goal for the group is more valuable than others in-fighting is likely.
Maintaining group consistency and moving group decision making into action require a minimal of organizational structure. A leader needs to step up to clarify the group's vision and mitigate conflict among members. In the case of the Ricktocracy and Woodbury, both groups opted for an autocratic cult of personality. Akin to Stalinism, Rick, and the Gov are elevated, not just out of utility, but out of a need for a godlike king to reign over and validate the direction of the group. The kingship is most evident when members of the survivor group are challenged about Rick’s qualities as a leader. Not only does Daryl argue out of evidence related to Rick’s ability to keep the group alive they speak with the loyalty of a true believer.
Rick and the Gov were never voted into leadership. Both stepped up when the survivor group was bogged down by maladaptive organizational styles. Initially weary about Rick’s ability to command, the group was won over by his fortitude and ability to keep the group alive. There is a sense in which, Rick is more like a Riddick at the end of Chronicles of Riddick. Killing the highest leader in the kingdom installs Rick as the dictator.
Check out the next post in this series:
Philosophizing TWD S3E15 This Sorrowful Life | Who Is Morally Superior - Rick Or Merle?