Let’s take a step back and saw off a different chunk. What justifies the authority of a judge in a courtroom? While the judge’s seat might provide her the highest point from which to look into the courtroom, there is nothing intrinsic about this perspective that authenticates that a judge’s justice is closer to the truth than anyone else. At base is a series of documents that support and discipline a system in which defined what is and is not just I.E. Laws. What about these laws give them the right to dictate justice? Laws come out of the need in a community or group of people to establish social contracts that regulate order. The order laws create and discipline comes out of the written desires (policies) which are brought to the community of voters to be signed into the law. The ratification of a law gives enforcers of a law the jurisdiction and rights to enforce a community's desires.
The vengeance Geuma-ja seeks at the outset of the film is one in which satisfies her egotistical desire for reparations for being robbed of her daughter and spending a decade in prison. At the end of the film she has generalized her sense of anger, empathizing others into the fold. Geuma-ja organized two groups of people through the film. In prison, she acquires a set of relationships in order to secure early release and help her on her revenge. When confronted with the scale of the murder's evil, she collects a new set of relationships out of a strict sense of sympathy- Geuma-ja wants to alleviate their suffering.